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Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Department ofVertebrate Zoology

Division of Mammals

Tarsius bancanus
bar Jesus Maldonado
    Jesús E. Maldonado
    Research Geneticist

  • Phone: (202)633-4198
  • Fax: (202)673-0040
  • E-mail: maldonadoj[at]

  • Mailing Address:
    Center for Conservation and Evolutionary Genetics
    National Zoological Park
    National Museum of Natural History
    Smithsonian Institution
    PO Box 37012 MRC 5503
    Washington, DC 20013-7012

  • Shipping Address:
    Center for Conservation and Evolutionary Genetics
    National Zoological Park
    3001 Connecticut Ave NW
    Washington DC 20008

Related Links

NMNH Genetics Program
National Zoological Park Staff Profile


Ph.D.(Organismic Biology, Ecology and Evolution): University of California Los Angeles, 2001
M.S.(Zoology): Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania, 1985
B.S.(Biology): Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania, 1983

Research Interests

Dr. Jesús E. Maldonado is a Research Geneticist at the Genetics Program at the Smithsonian Institution. His main interests are conservation genetics, molecular ecology and evolutionary biology of rare and endangered mammals. He has been a research geneticist at the Smithsonian since 1998. He has studied kit foxes since 1996. He used mitochondrial DNA sequence data to compare the phylogenetic relationships of the endangered Mexican kit fox with North American arid land foxes. He has participated in several other projects focusing on the genetics of rare or endangered species, including a study of the population structure of the South American Marsh deer.

Recent Publications

Gutiérrez, Eliécer E., Maldonado, Jesús E., Radosavljevic, Aleksandar, Molinari, Jesús, Patterson, Bruce D., Martínez-C, Juan M., Rutter, Amy R., Hawkins, Melissa T. R., Garcia, Franger J. and Helgen, Kristofer M. 2015. The Taxonomic Status of Mazama bricenii and the Significance of the Táchira Depression for Mammalian Endemism in the Cordillera de Mérida, Venezuela. PloS One, 10(6): 1-24. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0129113

González, Susana, Cosse, Mariana, Franco, María del Rosario, Emmons, Louise, Vynne, Carly, Duarte, José Maurício Barbanti, Beccacesi, Marcelo D. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2015. Population Structure of mtDNA Variation due to Pleistocene Fluctuations in the South American Maned Wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus, Illiger, 1815): Management Units for Conservation. Journal of Heredity, 106: 459-468. doi:10.1093/jhered/esv043

Hofman, Courtney A., Rick, Torben C., Hawkins, Melissa T. R., Funk, W. C., Ralls, Katherine, Boser, Christina L., Collins, Paul W., Coonan, Tim, King, Julie L., Morrison, Scott A., Newsome, Seth D., Sillett, T. Scott, Fleischer, Robert C. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2015. Mitochondrial Genomes Suggest Rapid Evolution of Dwarf California Channel Islands Foxes (Urocyon littoralis). PloS One, 10(2): 1-15. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0118240

He, Kai, Woodman, Neal, Boaglio, Sean, Roberts, Mariel, Supekar, Sunjana and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2015. Molecular Phylogeny Supports Repeated Adaptation to Burrowing within Small-Eared Shrews Genus of Cryptotis (Eulipotyphla, Soricidae). PloS One, 10(10): 1-13. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0140280

Hawkins, Melissa T. R., Helgen, Kristofer M., Maldonado, Jesus E., Rockwood, Larry L., Tsuchiya, Mirian T. N. and Leonard, Jennifer A. 2015. Phylogeny, biogeography and systematic revision of plain long-nosed squirrels (genus Dremomys, Nannosciurinae). Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.10.023

Hofman, Courtney A., Rick, Torben C., Fleischer, Robert C. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2015. Conservation archaeogenomics: ancient DNA and biodiversity in the Anthropocene. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 30(9): 540-549. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2015.06.008

Maldonado, Jesús E., Young, Sarah, Simons, Lee H., Stone, Sheridan, Parker, Lillian D. and Reyes, Jorge Ortega 2015. Conservation genetics and phylogeny of the Arizona shrew in the "Sky Islands" of the Southwestern United States. THERYA, 6(2): 401-420.

Dutta, Trishna, Sharma, Sandeep, Maldonado, Jesús E., Panwar, Hemendra Singh and Seidensticker, John 2015. Genetic Variation, Structure, and Gene Flow in a Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) Meta-Population in the Satpura-Maikal Landscape of Central India. PloS One, 10(5) doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0123384

Yumnam, Bibek, Negi, Tripti, Maldonado, Jesús E., Fleischer, Robert C. and Jhala, Yadvendradev V. 2015. Phylogeography of the Golden Jackal (Canis aureus) in India. PloS One, 10(9): 1-18. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0138497

Leonard, Jennifer A., den Tex, Robert-Jan, Hawkins, Melissa T. R., Muñoz-Fuentes, Violeta, Thorington, Richard W., Jr. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2015. Phylogeography of vertebrates on the Sunda Shelf: a multi-species comparison. Journal of Biogeography, 42(5): 871-879. doi:10.1111/jbi.12465

Bozarth, Christine A., Gardner, Beth, Rockwood, Larry L. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2015. Using Fecal DNA and Spatial Capture-Recapture to Characterize a Recent Coyote Colonization. Northeastern Naturalist, 22(1): 144-162. doi:10.1656/045.022.0124

Hawkins, Melissa T. R., Hofman, Courtney A., Callicrate, Taylor, McDonough, Molly M., Tsuchiya, Mirian T. N., Gutiérrez, Eliécer E., Helgen, Kristofer M. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2015. In-Solution Hybridization for Mammalian Mitogenome enrichment: Pros, Cons, and Challenges Associated with Multiplexing Degraded DNA. Molecular Ecology Resources, doi:10.1111/1755-0998.12448

Yumnam, Bibek, Jhala, Yadvendradev V., Qureshi, Qamar, Maldonado, Jesús E., Gopal, Rajesh, Saini, Swati, Srinivas, Y. and Fleischer, Robert C. 2014. Prioritizing Tiger Conservation through Landscape Genetics and Habitat Linkages. PloS One, 9(11): 1-28. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0111207

Montiel-Reyes, F., Maldonado, Jesús E., del Real-Monroy, M., Martínez-Méndez, N. and Ortega, J. 2014. Non-invasive sampling reveals fine-scale genetic structure in black bear Ursus americanus populations from northeastern Mexico. Endangered Species Research, 26(2): 179-188. doi:10.3354/esr00626

Rick, Torben C., Sillett, T. Scott, Ghalambor, Cameron K., Hofman, Courtney A., Ralls, Katherine, Anderson, R. S., Boser, Christina L., Braje, Todd J., Cayan, Daniel R., Chesser, R. Terry, Collins, Paul W., Erlandson, Jon M., Faulkner, Kate R., Fleischer, Robert C., Funk, W. C., Galipeau, Russell, Huston, Ann, King, Julie, Laughrin, Lyndal, Maldonado, Jesús E., McEachern, Kathryn, Muhs, Daniel R., Newsome, Seth D., Reeder-Myers, Leslie, Still, Christopher, et al 2014. Ecological Change on California's Channel Islands from the Pleistocene to the Anthropocene. Bioscience, 64(8): 680-692. doi:10.1093/biosci/biu094

Eggert, L. S., Buij, R., Lee, M. E., Campbell, P., Dallmeier, Francisco, Fleischer, Robert C., Alonso, Alfonso and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2014. Using Genetic Profiles of African Forest Elephants to Infer Population Structure, Movements, and Habitat Use in a Conservation and Development Landscape in Gabon. Conservation Biology, 28(1): 107-118. doi:10.1111/cobi.12161

Sharma, Sandeep, Dutta, Trishna, Maldonado, Jesús E., Wood, Thomas C., Panwar, Hemendra Singh and Seidensticker, John 2013. Forest corridors maintain historical gene flow in a tiger metapopulation in the highlands of central India. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280(1767) doi:10.1098/rspb.2013.1506

Helgen, Kristofer M., Pinto, Miguel, Kays, Roland, Helgen, Lauren, Tsuchiya, Mirian, Quinn, Aleta, Wilson, Don E. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2013. Taxonomic revision of the olingos (Bassaricyon), with description of a new species, the Olinguito. ZooKeys, 324: 1-83. doi:10.3897/zookeys.324.5827

Dutta, Trishna, Sharma, Sandeep, Maldonado, Jesús E., Wood, Thomas C., Panwar, H. S. and Seidensticker, John 2013. Fine-scale population genetic structure in a wide-ranging carnivore, the leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) in central India. Diversity and Distributions, 19(7): 760-771. doi:10.1111/ddi.12024

González-Porter, Gracia P., Maldonado, Jesús E., Flores-Villela, Oscar, Vogt, Richard C., Janke, Axel, Fleischer, Robert C. and Hailer, Frank 2013. Cryptic Population Structuring and the Role of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec as a Gene Flow Barrier in the Critically Endangered Central American River Turtle. PLoS ONE, 8(9): e71668 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0071668

Ahlering, Marissa A., Maldonado, Jesús E., Eggert, L. S., Fleischer, Robert C., Western, D. and Brown, Janine L. 2013. Conservation outside Protected Areas and the Effect of Human-Dominated Landscapes on Stress Hormones in Savannah Elephants. Conservation Biology, 27(3): 569-575. doi:10.1111/cobi.12061

Woc-Colburn, Ana, Murray, Suzan, Lock, Justin, Dragoo, Jerry W., Guglielmo, Dell and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2013. A Minimally Invasive Method for Gender Determination in the Prehensile-Tailed Porcupine (Coendou prehensilis). Zoo biology, 32(4): 463-466. doi:10.1002/zoo.21063

Cardoni, Daniel A., Greenberg, Russell S., Maldonado, Jesús E. and Isacch, Juan P. 2013. Morphological adaptation to coastal marshes in spite of limited genetic structure in the Neotropical passerine Spartonoica maluroides (Aves: Furnariidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 109(1): 78-91. doi:10.1111/bij.12019

Dutta, Trishna, Sharma, Sandeep, Maldonado, Jesús E., Wood, Thomas C., Panwar, Hemendra S. and Seidensticker, John 2013. Gene flow and demographic history of leopards (Panthera pardus) in the central Indian highlands. Evolutionary Applications, 6(6): 949-959. doi:10.1111/eva.12078

Sharma, Sandeep, Dutta, Trishna, Maldonado, Jesús E., Wood, Thomas C., Panwar, Hemendra Singh and Seidensticker, John 2013. Selection of microsatellite loci for genetic monitoring of sloth bears. Ursus, 24(2): 164-169. doi:10.2192/URSUS-D-13-00001.1

Sharma, Sandeep, Dutta, Trishna, Maldonado, Jesús E., Wood, Thomas C., Panwar, Hemendra Singh and Seidensticker, John 2013. A highly informative microsatellite panel for individual identification and sex determination of jungle cats (Felis chaus). Conservation Genetics Resources, 5(3): 863-866. doi:10.1007/s12686-013-9873-0

Sharma, Sandeep, Dutta, Trishna, Maldonado, Jesús E., Wood, Thomas C., Panwar, Hemendra Singh and Seidensticker, John 2013. Spatial genetic analysis reveals high connectivity of tiger (Panthera tigris) populations in the Satpura–Maikal landscape of Central India. Ecology and Evolution, 3(1): 48-60. doi:10.1002/ece3.432

Matocq, Marjorie D., Kelly, Patrick A., Phillips, Scott E. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2012. Reconstructing the evolutionary history of an endangered subspecies across the changing landscape of the Great Central Valley of California. Molecular Ecology, 21(24): 5918-5933. doi:10.1111/mec.12079

Moncrief, Nancy D., Lack, Justin B., Maldonado, Jesús E., Bryant, Katherine L., Edwards, Cody W. and Van Den Bussche, Ronald A. 2012. General lack of phylogeographic structure in two sympatric, forest obligate squirrels (Sciurus niger and S. carolinensis). Journal of mammalogy, 93(5): 1247-1264. doi:10.1644/11-MAMM-A-383.1

Ahlering, Marissa A., Eggert, Lori S., Western, David, Estes, Anna, Munishi, Linus, Fleischer, Robert C., Roberts, Melissa and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2012. Identifying Source Populations and Genetic Structure for Savannah Elephants in Human-Dominated Landscapes and Protected Areas in the Kenya-Tanzania Borderlands. PLoS ONE, 7(12): 1-9. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0052288

Hirsch, Ben T., Stanton, Margaret A. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2012. Kinship Shapes Affiliative Social Networks but Not Aggression in Ring-Tailed Coatis. PLoS ONE, 7(5): 1-9. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0037301

Becker, Penny A., Miller, Philip S., Gunther, Micaela Szykman, Somers, Michael J., Wildt, David E. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2012. Inbreeding Avoidance Influences the Viability of Reintroduced Populations of African Wild Dogs (Lycaon pictus). PLoS ONE, 7(5): 1-11. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0037181

Ahlering, Marissa A., Maldonado, Jesús E., Fleischer, Robert C., Western, David and Eggert, L. S. 2012. Fine-scale group structure and demography of African savanna elephants recolonizing lands outside protected areas. Diversity and Distributions: A Journal of Conservation Biogeography, 18(10): 952-961. doi:10.1111/j.1472-4642.2012.00896.x

Dutta, Trishna, Sharma, Sandeep, Maldonado, Jesús E., Wood, Thomas C. and Seidensticker, John 2012. A reliable method for individual identification and gender determination of wild leopards (Panthera pardus fusca) using non-invasive samples. Conservation Genetics Resources, 4(3): 665-667. doi:10.1007/s12686-012-9618-5

Rick, Torben C., Hofman, Courtney A., Braje, Todd J., Maldonado, Jesús E., Sillett, T. Scott, Danchisko, Kevin and Erlandson, Jon M. 2012. Flightless ducks, giant mice and pygmy mammoths: Late Quaternary extinctions on California's Channel Islands. World Archaeology, 44(1): 3-20. doi:10.1080/00438243.2012.646101

Ortega, Jorge, Navarrete, Daya and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2012. Non-invasive sampling of endangered neotropical river otters reveals high levels of dispersion in the Lacantun River System of Chiapas, Mexico. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 35(1): 59-69.

Spiering, Penny A., Szykman, Micaela, Somers, Michael J., Wildt, David E., Walters, Michelle, Wilson, Amy S. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2011. Inbreeding, heterozygosity and fitness in a reintroduced population of endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). Conservation Genetics, 2011(12): 410-412. doi:10.1007/s10592-010-0147-z

González-Porter, Gracia P., Hailer, Frank, Flores-Villela, Oscar, García-Anleu, Rony and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2011. Patterns of genetic diversity in the critically endangered Central American river turtle: human influence since the Mayan age?. Conservation Genetics, 12(5): 1229-1242. doi:10.1007/s10592-011-0225-x

Hirsch, Ben T. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2011. Familiarity breeds progeny: sociality increases reproductive success in adult male ring-tailed coatis (Nasua nasua). Molecular Ecology, 20(2): 409-419. doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04940.x

Bozarth, Christine A., Hailer, Frank, Rockwood, Larry, Edwards, Cody and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2011. Coyote colonization of northern Virginia and admixture with Great Lakes Wolves. Journal of mammalogy, 92(5): 1070-1080. doi:10.1644/10-MAMM-A-223.1

Bozarth, Christine A., Lance, Stacey L., Civitello, David J., Glenn, Julie L. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2011. Phylogeography of the gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) in the Eastern United States. Journal of mammalogy, 92(2): 283-294. doi:10.1644/10-MAMM-A-141.1

Complete List of Maldonado's Publications and Downloadable PDFs

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