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  Chiroptera · Phyllostomidae · Carollia perspicillata
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Carollia perspicillata

Seba's Short-tailed Bat

Order: Chiroptera
Family: Phyllostomidae

Image of Carollia perspicillata
Click to enlarge. (106 kb)

Conservation Status: Least Concern.


Because Seba’s Short-tailed Bats eat moist fruits such as figs, they need less drinking water than insect-eating bats. They use their excellent sense of smell to find trees with ripe fruit. Figs have tiny seeds that pass quickly through the bats’ digestive systems. Thanks to the bats, who defecate while flying and disperse thousands of seeds a night, new trees sprout up here, there, and everywhere.

Nursing mothers need twice as much food as other adult bats. Babies of this species are born with their eyes and ears open, and with dense fur on their backs. Usually, a female has just one baby - and it weighs more than 25 percent of her after-birth weight. At first, she often carries the baby with her when she flies, the young bat clinging to her with its tiny teeth as well as with its wings and claws. The young bats reach adult size and can fly in 10-13 weeks.

This bat has a large geographic range, but no fossils have yet been found.

Length:
Range: Head and Body: 48-70 mm

Weight:
Range: 15-25 g

References:

Linnaeus, C., 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classis, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Tenth ed. Vol. 1. Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm, 824 pp., 1:31.

Links:

Mammal Species of the World

Mammalian Species, American Society of Mammalogists' species account

Distribution of Carollia perspicillata