| Townsend's Ground Squirrel is indistinguishable in appearance from its two closest relatives, Spermophilus mollis and S. canus. All three have plain coats, without spots, stripes or other markings, and all are relatively small, but they have different chromosome counts and are recognized as separate species on that basis. Townsend’s Ground Squirrels are often found on farms, where they are considered pests. They can produce large numbers of offspring. Females have been found carrying as many as 16 embryos. Badgers, which can dig them out when they are hibernating, are the main predator.
Also known as:
Sage Squirrel, Sage Rat
174 g males; 125 g females
Bachman, J., 1839. Description of several new species of American quadrupeds, p. 61. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Part 1, 8:57-74.
Mammal Species of the World
Mammalian Species, American Society of Mammalogists' species account