Two subspecies (M. californicus mohavensis, the Mojave River vole, and M. californicus scirpensis, the Amargosa vole) are Vulnerable; a third subspecies (M. californicus vallicola, the Owens Valley California vole) is Near Threatened.
| The California Vole occurs throughout much of California and southwestern Oregon, with disjunct subspecies in the Mojave Desert, the White Mountain/Panamint ranges, and northern Baja California. California Voles construct surface runways and extensive underground burrows, and are active throughout the year, chiefly at dawn and dusk. Fresh vegetation clippings and fecal pellets are indicators of the Voles' presence. The size of individuals varies considerably over the range of the species, with males about 6 percent longer and 11 percent heavier than females. Local abundance is also highly variable.
Also known as:
California Meadow Mouse
52 g males; 47 g females
33-81 g males; 30-68 g females
Peale, T.R., 1848. U.S. exploring expeditions 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842 under the command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N., Mammalogy and Ornithology, p. 44. Asherman and Co., Philadelphia, 8:1-338.
Mammal Species of the World
Click to enlarge.