| Ocelots occur in a wide range of habitats, from rain forest to savanna to dry, scrubby terrain, at mid- to low elevations from Texas and Arizona to northern Argentina. They are feed on small mammals, and also frequently include birds, reptiles, amphibians, and insects in their diet. Some also take domestic poultry. Males occupy territories of 4-18 square km that may encompass the territories of one or more females, who use home ranges of 2-11 square km. Ocelots have litters of 1, 2, or occasionally 3 kittens, and raise them in a den. The den can be a bare area in a dense thicket, a hollow tree, or a cave. The young are born fully furred, but with their eyes closed. When they are about a year old, males disperse to lead solitary lives. Young females, who are sexually mature at about 15-22 months of age, often settle on or near their mother's territory. Ocelots are threatened by habitat loss and hunting for the fur trade.
Also known as:
1,078 mm males; 1,022 mm females
950-1,367 mm males; 920-1,209 mm females
10 kg males; 8.8 kg females
7-14.5 kg males; 7-10.8 kg females
Linnaeus, C., 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classis, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Tenth Edition, Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm, 1:42, 824 pp.
Mammal Species of the World
Mammalian Species, American Society of Mammalogists' species account
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