Giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca)
Pandas live in elevations as high as 3,900 m (12,795 ft) on the mist-shrouded mountainsides of China’s mixed montane forest. They move to lower elevations in winter to find frozen—but still green—bamboo. They are built for eating bamboo, whose low nutritional value means pandas must eat and eat…as much as 14 hours a day, consuming about 40 percent of their body weight.
Even in ancient China, the giant panda was considered rare. Today, because of climate change, habitat loss, and hunting, it has become a poster child for endangered species, with only about 1,000 animals left in the wild.