Andromeda Galaxy • M31
Observers: Pauline Barmby, CfA
Persian astronomer Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi made the earliest recorded observation of the Andromeda Galaxy in 964 CE. Along with our Milky Way, this galaxy belongs to a group of galaxies known as the Local Group. Andromeda contains over one trillion stars - about three times the Milky Way's 200-400 billion stars. But watch out! Astronomers predict that the two galaxies could collide several billion years from now.