Copper

Copper ornament

Copper ornament, copper
Middle Chalcolithic Period (c.3500-2500 BC)
Paphos District Museum

The first examples of metalwork on Cyprus, using native copper, date from the Chalcolithic period. Cypriots then used little copper—mainly for chisels, pins, and ornaments—but they were seeing the start of a technological revolution. Copper would shape the history of Cyprus for centuries to come.

"Native copper" means a naturally occurring clump or nugget of copper. Before the invention of smelting (extracting metal from ore), it was the only kind of copper that ancient metalworkers could use.