Metallurgy and Byzantine Metalwork

Head of Apollo, marble

Counterweight
Early Christian Period (5th century AD)
Copper-alloy
Cyprus Museum

Copper production continued with great intensity until about AD 650. Evidence for the wealth that copper brought to the island can be seen in the huge basilicas that were erected in the early Christian period.

But the mines were abandoned and copper production ceased by AD 1000, due to economic and political troubles. They were not reopened until the 20th century, when prospectors came to the island, having read the ancient sources that spoke of this copper-rich land.

Byzantine Metalwork

Examples of metalwork from Byzantine Cyprus are rare. Much was lost during raids and periods of political upheaval.