Ainu: Spirit of a Northern People
Traditional and Modern Ainu Territories Like many other indigenous peoples around the world, the Ainu lost lands, resources, and independence to larger nations that absorbed them. This map shows changes to Ainu territories between 1400 and 1945; parts of northern Honshu were lost to Japanese expansion, while the Kurile Islands and southern Sakhalin were lost to Russia. Hokkaido, with a population of between 25,000 and 50,000 Ainu, is the only remaining homeland for Ainu people today.
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