Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History


Peer Reviewed Publications:
Schankler, D. M., B. H. Tiffney, and Wing, S.L. 1978. A guide to the age of mammals. Discovery, supplement 2: 1-47.

Wing, S.L. 1980. Fossil floras and plant-bearing beds of the central Bighorn Basin, in, Gingerich, P.D. (ed.) Early Cenozoic paleontology and stratigraphy of the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming. University of Michigan Papers on Paleontology 24: 119-125.

Bown, T. M., M. J. Kraus, S. L. Wing, B. H. Tiffney, J.G. Fleagle, E. L. Simons, and C. F. Vondra. 1982. The Fayum primate forest revisited. Journal of Human Evolution 11: 603-632.

Wing, S.L. 1984. Impressions of fallen leaves. Earth Science 37: 16-17.

Wing, S.L. 1984. A new basis for recognizing the Paleocene/Eocene boundary in western interior North America. Science 226: 439-441.

Wing, S.L. and L. J. Hickey. 1984. The Platycarya perplex and the evolution of the Juglandaceae. American Journal of Botany 71: 388-411.

Wing, S.L. 1984. Relation of paleovegetation to geometry and cyclicity of some fluvial carbonaceous deposits. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 54: 52-66.

Wing, S.L. and T. M. Bown. 1985. Fine scale reconstruction of late Paleocene-early Eocene paleogeography in the Bighorn Basin of northern Wyoming, in, Flores, R.M., and S.S. Kaplan (eds.) Cenozoic Paleogeography of West-Central United States. pp. 93-105.

Brunet, M., Y. Coppens, D. Pilbeam, S. Djallo, A. K. Behrensmeyer, A. Brillanceau, W. Downs, M. Duperon, G. Ekodeck, L. Flynn, E. Heintz, J. Hell, Y. Jehenne, L. Martin, C. Mosser, M. Salard-Cheboldaeff, S. Wenz, and Wing, S.L. 1986. Les formations sedimentaires continentales du Cretace et du Cenozoique camerounais: premiers resultats d'une prospection paleontologique. Compte Rendu Acad. Sc. Paris t. 303, Serie II, no. 5: 425-428.

Wing, S.L. 1987. Eocene and Oligocene flora and vegetation of the northern Rocky Mountains, in C. Miller (ed.) Origin of the northern Rocky Mountain flora. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 74: 748-784.

Wing, S.L. and B. H. Tiffney. 1987. Interactions of angiosperms and herbivorous tetrapods through time. in, Friis, E. M., W. G. Chaloner and P. R. Crane (eds.) The Biological Consequences of Angiosperm Origins. Cambridge University Press, England, pp. 203-224.

Wing, S.L. and B. H. Tiffney. 1987. The reciprocal interaction of angiosperm evolution and tetrapod herbivory. Review of Paleobotany and Palynology 50: 179-210.

Wing, S.L. 1988. Depositional environments of plant bearing sediments. in, DiMichele, W. A., and S. L. Wing (eds.) Methods and applications of plant paleoecology: notes for a short course. Paleontological Society of America Special Publication 2: 1-9.

McCartan, L., B. H. Tiffney, J. A. Wolfe, T. A. Ager, S. L. Wing, L. A. Sirkin, L. W. Ward, and J. Brooks. 1990. Late Tertiary flora from upland gravel deposits of the southern Maryland Coastal Plain. Geology 18: 311-314.

Wing, S.L., T. M. Bown, and J. D. Obradovich. 1991. Early Eocene biotic and climatic change in interior western North America. Geology 19: 1189-1192.

Wing, S.L. 1992. High resolution leaf X-radiography in systematics and paleobotany. American Journal of Botany 79: 1320-1324.

Burnham, R. J., Wing, S.L., and Parker, G. G. 1992. Reflection of temperate forest composition and structure in the litter: implications for the fossil record. Paleobiology 18: 34-53.

Wing, S.L., H. D. Sues, R. Potts, W. A. DiMichele, and A. K. Behrensmeyer. 1992. Evolutionary paleoecology. in, Behrensmeyer, A. K., J. D. Damuth, W. A. DiMichele, R. Potts, H. D. Sues, and S. L. Wing (eds.) Terrestrial Ecosystems through Time: Evolutionary Paleoecology of Terrestrial Plants and Animals. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 1-14.

Wing, S.L., W. A. DiMichele, T. L. Phillips, R. Taggart, B.H. Tiffney, and S. J. Mazer. 1992. Ecological characterization of fossil plants. in, Behrensmeyer, A. K., J. D. Damuth, W. A. DiMichele, R. Potts, H. D. Sues, and S. L. Wing (eds.) Terrestrial Ecosystems through Time: Evolutionary Paleoecology of Terrestrial Plants and Animals. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 139-180.

Wing, S.L., H. D. Sues, B.H. Tiffney, R. Stucky, D. B. Weishampel, R.A. Spicer, D. Jablonski, C. Badgley, M.V.H. Wilson, and W. L. Kovach. 1992. Mesozoic and early Cenozoic Terrestrial Ecosystems. in, Behrensmeyer, A. K., J. D. Damuth, W. A. DiMichele, R. Potts, H. D. Sues, and S. L. Wing (eds.) Terrestrial Ecosystems through Time: Evolutionary Paleoecology of Terrestrial Plants and Animals. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 327-416.

Wing, S.L., L.J. Hickey, and C.C. Swisher. 1993. Implications of an exceptional fossil flora for Late Cretaceous vegetation. Nature 363: 342-344.

Wing, S.L., and Greenwood, D. R. 1993. Fossils and fossil climate: the case for equable continental interiors in the Eocene. in, Allen, J. R. L., Hoskins, B. J., Sellwood, B. W. & Spicer, R. A. (eds.), Palaeoclimates and their modelling with special reference to the Mesozoic Era. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London B. Biological Sciences 341: 243-252.

Bown, T. M., Rose, K. D., Simons, E. L., and Wing, S.L. 1994. Distribution and stratigraphic correlation of upper Paleocene and lower Eocene fossil mammal and plant localities of the Fort Union, Willwood, and Tatman Formations, southern Bighorn Basin, Wyoming. U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1540: 1-269.

Wing, S.L., Hasiotis, S. T., and Bown, T. M. 1994. First ichnofossils of flank-buttressed trees (late Eocene), Fayum Depression, Egypt. Ichnos 3: 1-6.

Wing, S.L., Alroy, J., and Hickey, L. J. 1995. Plant and mammal diversity in the Paleocene to early Eocene of the Bighorn Basin. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 115: 117-156.

Greenwood, D. R., and Wing, S.L. 1995. Eocene continental climates and latitudinal temperature gradients. Geology 23:1044-1048.

Wing, S.L., and DiMichele, W. A. 1995. Conflict between local and global changes in plant diversity through geological time. Palaios 10: 551-564.

Wing, S.L. 1996. Global warming and plant species richness - a case study of the Paleocene/Eocene boundary. in, Reaka-Kudla, M., D. Wilson, and E. O. Wilson (eds.) Biodiversity II: Understanding and Protecting our Natural Resources. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, pp. 163-185.

Wing, S.L. 1998. Tertiary vegetational history of North America as a context for mammalian evolution. in, Janis, C., L. Jacobs and K. Scott (eds.) Evolution of Tertiary Mammals of North America: Volume I: Terrestrial Carnivores, Ungulates, and Ungulate-like Mammals. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, pp. 37-65.

Davies-Vollum, S. K., and Wing, S.L. 1998. Sedimentological, taphonomic, and climatic aspects of Eocene swamp deposits (Willwood Formation, Bighorn Basin, Wyoming). Palaios 13:28-40.

Wilf, P., Wing, S.L., Greenwood, D. R., and Greenwood, C. L. 1998. Using fossil leaves as paleo-rain gauges - an Eocene example. Geology 26:203-206.

Wing, S.L., and Boucher, L. D. 1998. Ecological aspects of the Cretaceous flowering plant radiation. Annual Reviews of Earth and Planetary Science 26:379-421.

Manchester, S.R., Dilcher, D. L., and Wing, S.L. 1998. Attached leaves and fruits of myrtaceous affinity from the middle Eocene of Colorado, USA. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 102:153-163.

Wing, S.L. 1998. Late Paleocene - early Eocene floral and climatic change in the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming. in, M.-P. Aubry, W. A. Berggren and S. Lucas (eds.) Late Paleocene-Early Eocene Biotic and Climatic Events. Columbia University Press, New York, pp. 371-391.

Wing, S.L. (as part of the Leaf Architecture Working Group) 1999. Manual of Leaf Architecture – morphological description and categorization of dicotyledonous and net-veined monocotyledonous angiosperms. Privately published, Washington, DC.

Wing, S.L. 2000. Cool, warm, cool, warm – climate oscillation and floral change during the Paleocene-Eocene boundary interval. GFF 122:182-183.

Wing, S.L., Bao, H., and Koch, P. L. 2000. An early Eocene cool period? Evidence for continental cooling during the warmest part of the Cenozoic. in, Huber, B. T., MacCleod, K., and S. L. Wing (eds.) Warm Climates in Earth History. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 197-237.

Wing, S.L. 2000. Evolution and expansion of flowering plants. in, Gastaldo, R. A. and DiMichele, W. A. (eds.) Phanerozoic Terrestrial Ecosystems. The Paleontological Society Papers 6:209-231.

Sewall, J. O., Sloan, L. C., Huber, M., and Wing, S.L. 2000. Climate sensitivity to changes in land surface characteristics. Global And Planetary Change (26)4:445-465.

Wing, S.L. 2001. Hot times in the Bighorn Basin. Natural History 110:48-54.

Royer, D. L., Wing, S.L., Beerling, D. J., Jolley, D. W., Koch, P. L., Hickey, L. J., and Berner, R. A. 2001. Paleobotanical evidence for near present day levels of atmospheric CO2 during part of the Tertiary. Science 292:2310-2313.

Wing, S.L. and Harrington, G. J. 2001. Floral response to rapid warming at the Paleocene/Eocene boundary and implications for concurrent faunal change. Paleobiology 27:539-562.

Royer, D. L., Hickey, L. J., and Wing, S.L. 2003. Paleoecology of Ginkgo. Paleobiology 29:84-104.

Wing, S.L., Harrington, G. J., Bowen, G. J., and Koch, P. L. 2003. Floral change during the Initial Eocene Thermal Maximum in the Powder River Basin, Wyoming. in, Wing, S.L., Gingerich, P.D., Schmitz, B., and E. Thomas (eds.) Causes and Consequences of early Paleogene Warm Climates Geol. Soc. America Special Paper 369:425-440.

Koch, P. L., Clyde, W. C., Heppel, R. P., Fogel, M. L., Wing, S.L., and Zachos, J. C. 2003. Isotopic records of carbon cycle and climate change across the Paleocene-Eocene boundary from the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming. in, Wing, S.L., Gingerich, P.D., Schmitz, B., and E. Thomas (eds.) Causes and Consequences of early Paleogene Warm Climates Geol. Soc. America Special Paper 369:49-64.

Wilf, P. D., Cúneo, N. R., Johnson, K. R., Hicks, J. F., Wing, S.L., and Obradovich, J. D. 2003. High plant diversity in Eocene South America: evidence from Patagonia. Science 300: 122-125.

Greenwood, D.R., Wilf, P., Wing, S.L., and Christophel, D.C. 2004. Paleotemperature estimation using leaf-margin analysis: Is Australia different? Palaios 19:129–142.

Barnosky, Anthony D., Koch, Paul L., Feranec, Robert S., Wing, S.L., and Shabel, Alan B. 2004. Assessing the causes of Late Pleistocene extinctions on the continents. Science 306: 70-75. (Supplementary material)

Fricke, H., and Wing, S.L. 2004. Oxygen isotope and paleobotanical estimates of temperature and δ18O – latitudinal gradients over North America during the early Eocene. American Journal of Science 304: 612-635.

DiMichele, W.A., Behrensmeyer, A.K., Olszewski, T.D., Labandeira, C.C., Pandolfi, J.M., Wing, S.L., and Bobe, R. 2004. Long-term stasis in ecological assemblages: evidence from the fossil record. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 35:285-322.

Wing, S.L. 2004. Mass extinctions in plant evolution. Pp. 61-98, in, Taylor, P.D. (ed.) Extinctions in the History of Life. Cambridge University Press.

Wing, S.L. 2005. A paleontological perspective on plant extinction. Pp.43-53, in, Krupnick, G., and Kress, J.W. (eds.) Plant Conservation – A Natural History Approach. University of Chicago Press.

Wing, S.L., Harrington, G.J., Smith, F., Bloch, J.I., and Boyer, D.M. 2005. Transient floral change and rapid global warming at the Paleocene-Eocene boundary. Science 310: 993-996. (Supplementary Material)

McMillan, M.E., Heller, P.L., and Wing, S.L. 2006. History and causes of post-Laramide relief in the Rocky Mountain orogenic plateau. Geological Society of America Bulletin 118: 393–405.

Bowen, G.J., Bralower, T.J., Delaney, M.L., Dickens, G.R., Kelly, D.C., Koch, P.L, Kump, L.R., Meng, J., Sloan, L.C., Thomas, E., Wing, S.L., and Zachos, J.C. 2006. Eocene hyperthermal event offers insight into greenhouse warming. Eos 87 (17): 165-169.

Clyde, W.C., Hamzi, W., Finarelli, J.A., Wing, S.L., Schankler, D., and Chew, A. 2007. A basin-wide magnetostratigraphic framework for the Bighorn Basin, WY. Geological Society of America Bulletin 119: 848-859. (Supplementary Material)

Smith, F.A., Wing, S.L., and Freeman, K. 2007. Magnitude of the carbon isotope excursion at the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum: the role of plant community change. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 262:50-65. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2007.07.021

Currano, E. D., Wilf, P., Wing, S.L., Labandeira, C.C., Royer, D., and Lovelock, E.C. 2008. Sharply increased insect herbivory during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the U. S. 105: 1960-1964. (Supplementary Material)

Secord, R., Wing, S.L., and Chew, A. 2008. Stable isotopes in early Eocene mammals as indicators of forest canopy structure and resource partitioning. Paleobiology 34: 282-300.

Herrera, F.A., Jaramillo, C. A., Dilcher, D. L., Wing, S.L., and Gómez-N., C. 2008. Fossil Araceae from a Paleocene Neotropical Rainforest in Colombia. American Journal of Botany 95(12):1–16. (Supplementary Material)

Ellis, B., Daly, D. C., Hickey, L.J., Johnson, K. R., Mitchell, J. D., Wilf, P., and Wing, S.L. 2009. Manual of Leaf Architecture. Cornell University Press. 190 p.

Gómez-Navarro, C., Jaramillo, C. A., Herrera, F.A., Wing, S.L., and Callejas, R. 2009. Palms (Arecaceae) from a Paleocene rainforest of northern Colombia. American Journal of Botany 96: 1300-1312.

Wing, S.L., Herrera, F.A., Jaramillo, C. A., Wilf, P, Labandeira, C.C., Gómez-Navarro, C. 2009. Late Paleocene fossils from the Cerrejón Formation, Colombia, are the earliest record of Neotropical Rainforest. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the U. S. 106: 18627-32. (Supplementary Material)

Wing, S.L., Bloch, J.I., Bowen, G.J., Boyer, D.M., Chester, S., Diefendorf, A.F., Harrington, G.J., Kraus, M.J., Secord, R., and Smith, F.A. 2009. Coordinated sedimentary and biotic change during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum in the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, USA. in Crouch, E.M., Strong, C.P., Hollis, C.J., (eds.), Climatic and Biotic Events of the Paleogene (CBEP 2009), extended abstracts from an international conference in Wellington, New Zealand, 12-15 January 2009. GNS Science Miscellaneous Series 18: 156-162.

Diefendorf, A., Mueller, K., Wing, S.L., Koch, P. L., and Freeman, K. H. 2010. Global patterns in leaf 13C discrimination: implications for studies of past and future climate. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the U. S. (in press)

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